Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan Jayanti is celebrated on the birth anniversary of the legendary king Prithviraj Chouhan, who ruled over the Chauhan dynasty from 1178 to 1192. He was known for his bravery, chivalry, and military skills, which earned him the title of ‘The Last Hindu King.’ In this article, we will explore the life and achievements of Prithviraj Chouhan and his lasting influence on Indian history.
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan: His Early Life and Journey to Power
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan was born in 1166 in Ajmer, Rajasthan, to King Someshwar Chouhan and Queen Karpuri Devi. He was trained in various martial arts and warfare techniques from a young age and was a skilled archer, horse rider, and swordsman. He was also well-educated and had a keen interest in poetry, music, and literature.
Prithviraj Chouhan ascended to the throne at the young age of 20, after the death of his father. He quickly established himself as a strong ruler and expanded his kingdom through conquests. He conquered several territories, including Delhi, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh, and became one of the most powerful rulers of his time.
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan: his Famous Battles and Remarkable Feats
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan is known for his bravery and military prowess, which he displayed in several famous battles. He defeated the ruler of Delhi, Jaichand, in the famous Battle of Tarain in 1191. In this battle, Prithviraj Chouhan’s army was outnumbered, but he used his tactical skills to outmaneuver his opponent and emerge victorious.
However, his most famous battle was the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192, in which he faced Muhammad Ghori, the ruler of Afghanistan. Despite having a smaller army, Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan was confident in his abilities and decided to take on Muhammad Ghori. In the battle, Prithviraj Chouhan’s army inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy, and Muhammad Ghori was wounded and taken captive. However, Prithviraj Chouhan spared his life and released him, believing that it was against the chivalric code of honor to kill a wounded and defeated enemy.
Muhammad Ghori, however, was not a man of honor. He returned with a larger army the following year and attacked Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan’s kingdom once again. In the ensuing battle, Prithviraj Chouhan was defeated, and his reign came to an end.
The Battle-Scarred Legacy of Prithviraj Chauhan: A Brief Account of His Famous Battles
1. Battle of Tarain (1191): This was Prithviraj Chouhan’s first major battle against the Muslim ruler, Muhammad Ghori. The battle took place near Thanesar in present-day Haryana and resulted in a victory for Prithviraj Chouhan.
2. First Battle of Tarawadi (1192): This was a crucial battle between Prithviraj Chouhan and Muhammad Ghori that took place near present-day Karnal. Although Prithviraj Chouhan initially gained the upper hand, he was eventually defeated due to a tactical error and was captured by Muhammad Ghori.
3. Second Battle of Tarawadi (1192): This was a decisive battle between Prithviraj Chouhan and Muhammad Ghori that took place a few months after the first battle, near the same location. Prithviraj Chouhan avenged his previous defeat and emerged victorious.
4. Battle of Chandawar (1194): This was a battle between Prithviraj Chouhan and Muhammad Ghori’s forces that took place near Etawah in present-day Uttar Pradesh. Prithviraj Chouhan was once again successful in defeating Muhammad Ghori’s forces.
5. Battle of Gogra-Ghati (1197): This battle took place between Prithviraj Chouhan and the Muslim governor of Bengal, Qutub-ud-din Aibak. Prithviraj Chouhan emerged victorious and defeated Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
6. Battle of Sarnal (1202): This was a battle between Prithviraj Chouhan and the Muslim governor of Gujarat, Bhimdev II. Prithviraj Chouhan was once again successful in defeating the enemy forces.
7. Battle of Kannauj (1203): This was the last battle of Prithviraj Chouhan’s life and was fought against Muhammad Ghori’s forces near present-day Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh. Prithviraj Chouhan was defeated and captured by Muhammad Ghori, leading to the end of his reign.
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan: his Legacy and Enduring Influence on Indian History
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan is remembered as one of the greatest warriors and kings in Indian history. His legacy has inspired numerous poets, writers, and artists, who have immortalized his deeds and achievements in their works.
Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan’s life and achievements have also been the subject of many books, movies, and TV shows. One of the most famous works inspired by his life is the epic poem “Prithviraj Raso,” written by the poet Chand Bardai, who was also a court poet in Prithviraj Chouhan’s kingdom.
Today, Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan Jayanti is celebrated across the country as a tribute to his legacy and the last Hindu king who fought valiantly for his kingdom and people. His life and achievements serve as an inspiration to millions of people and continue to be a source of pride for the nation.
ThePublicRadio has some great articles too, make sure to check them out👇👇👇👇